For those considering a very capable all terrain truck as the Ural
inevitably the question of spares sourcing will come into play.  
While the Ural was built in a factory in Russia covering nearly 5
square miles total, it is relatively unknown in the West.   As a
result spares and perception of spares can be daunting.    
However,  a few things to consider:

I.  Design:   The Ural was designed  for simplicity of operation
and maintenance in areas far from dealership networks and out of
the range of supply lines.

II.  Interchangeability:   We have found that many parts can be
sourced domestically.   Fuel filters match a US made Baldwin
group of filters, Michelin and Goodyear both make a belt that fits
the Ural,  brake components can be sourced at many local
commercial truck shops.

III.  Rebuild/refurbishment:   Many major components can be
refurbished using locally sourced materials.  Brake shoes/pads,
clutch linings, fuel system and pumps,  blower motors, starters,

IV.  Parts sources:    The parts that cannot be refurbished or
locally sourced can be purchased via sources in eastern and
western Europe,  these parts tend to be much less in cost than
their western counterparts.  With this savings quite often even
with air freight the cost is still less than the same component on a
domestic truck of the same type.  
                          Why Ural?

In our search for the worlds most capable five to fifteen ton
trucks we found the field to be quite narrow.   There are some
very good on-road trucks with limited off-road capabilities from
North America and Europe,  however  a truly off-road harsh
terrain truck is out of reach of the average user or commerical
 We found several trucks manufactured throughout Europe and
Russia which meet the needs of the heavy to medium off-road
market.     Starting with the ultra-capable Unimog we have
ventured into the Tatra series and finally to a limited offering of the
Ural series trucks.    We first encountered the Ural in Germany
being used and highly prized for its ability to cover harsh terrain
and roads whilst transporting a substantial load.   The fact that
every Ural 4320 that hits the market in Germany and Western
Europe sells almost instantly seems to attest to their popularity.     
In North America the perception of the Soviet automobile being
primitive and unreliable has some grounding in truth.  Most Soviet
consumer goods were not known for luxury or reliability,  after all
consumerism was a Western decadence.    Their trucks were
another matter entirely.    Russia is a vast country,  of which
much is not criss-crossed with reliable tarmac and
super-highways.  Dirt roads, rough tracks and at times paths
exist.  This is to speak nothing of a climate which features the
greatest temperature variations in the world.   Imagine -55F
winters and summers in the mid to high 90's F.   The military and
industrial trucks needed not only be rugged and able to transport
personnel and materiel to the most remote outposts,  but also must
be simple and able to be repaired under the most primitive
Ease of use and minimal operator complexity was also an issue
thought out quite well.   The average Russian/Soviet conscript
needed to be able to operate and often maintain these trucks with a
minimum of training and oversight.  Any truck that can be started
at -40F,  driven over many miles of trackless terrain and still carry
5-7 tons of cargo offroad is worthy of any task.  Which is why
nations worldwide are still purchasing the Ural series trucks for
their military needs.   Countries like Mexico, Chile, Argentina,
India, Pakistan, etc  realize the value of a truck which can provide
extreme off-road capabilities with simplistic operation and
maintenance.       The notion that the Ural is a crude and unreliable
behemoth is easily dispelled.   Not to say that these trucks are the
height of technology or comfort,  they are not.  But what they are
is rugged, reliable and plainly capable.  
   Ural 4320 Specifications

Vehicle GVW:  kg 20,800
Load weight:  kg 11,000
Gross trailer weight: kg 12,000
Maximum travelling speed:  km/h 80- 85
Maximum upgrade angle: degrees 31
Liquid-cooled engine: YAMZ-238M2 Diesel, V8 7.1L
Rated power:kW  176 (240hp)
Max. torque:  kgf./Nm 883 (90nm)
Clutch:   dry, double-disk, with air assist drive  
Transmission:  five-speed gearbox with 2nd, 3rd, 4th
and 5th speeds
synchro-mesh, two-speed distributor box with inter-axle
locked differential
Body:  metal, with tailgate, removable bows and canvas
top ,side folded and central removable benches as well
as additional side and front extension boards , Also
fitted with either steel or fiberglass

Internal body dimensions:  mm 5,680x2,340x1,000
Seating capacity:  39 (cargo version) 3 Cabin
Tire model:  ID-P284, controllable pressure,
wide cross-section
Tire pressure control system:  centralised (CTIS),
controllable from the driver`s seat;  it insures tire
pressure change when crossing highly-sensitive soils;
the truck can move with slightly damaged tires
Learn More About  Ural Trucks

                                                                         Links for Ural 4320 Models:  

  •               UK based Ural 4320 owner  (site includes English manuals)  
  •                  German Ural 4320 enthusiast site.   In German.
  •                       In Russian.     
Ural 4320  & 375 D/E  6x6
4320 Model - Equipped for Rally/Challenge
4320/375  Models - Surplus Polish Army Stock
4320 'NEW' Models - Some with 30km